CMA
Comparative
Market
Analysis,
Real Estate
Appraiser,
Real Estate
Appraisal
Los
Angeles,
Inspector,
Inspections,
Commercial
Real Estate
Inspectors,
Commercial
Property
Inspectors

Appraiser
appraisal

Real Estate
Appraiser,
Commercial
Real Estate
Appraiser,
Residential
Appraiser,
Apartment
Appraiser,
Commercial
Appraisal,

California
Appraiser,
PMI
Removal
Appraiser,
Free
Appraisal.  
Certified
General
Appraiser
Tax
Appraiser
TCMA Comparative Market Analysis, he Harris Company \ Real Estate Appraiser los angeles, Inspectors, Inspectors Los Angeles, California
The Harris Company,
Real Estate Appraiser / Consultant
5780 West Centinela Avenue, Building 1, Suite 408
Los Angeles, California 90045
310.337.1973  
harris_curtis@sbcglobal.net
PIRS/ HARRIS COMPANY AND THE SCIENCE OF REAL ESTATE - PARTNERS
CMA-COMPARATIVE MARKET ANALYSIS

Related Terms  
• Real Estate Appraisal
Definition: An informal assessment of a property's market value, usually done to establish a reasonable listing price when a property is placed for sale. The
price is established by comparing the property to similar properties that have sold in the area within the past year.
The analysis is normally done by a real estate agent who has easy access to area sales records. Although it's more time-consuming, sellers in the US can
find the same information by visiting their county courthouse.

Use of Market Analysis
ROBERT J. BRUSS, Special to The Times
Accuracy of comparative market analyses depends on the skill of the real estate agent who prepares it. However, I've seen professional appraisals that are
far off the eventual sales price of the home.
The big advantage of comparative market analyses is that they are free; appraisals cost several hundred dollars without any assurance they are more
accurate. Also, the home seller should get at least three comparative market analyses before listing with the best agent.
A professional appraisal is a good double-check against a comparative market analysis. But the appraisal is only as good as the appraiser's skill.




REAL ESTATE APPRAISAL

Nature of the Work (U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics)
Appraisers and assessors of real estate estimate the value of real property for a variety of purposes, such as to assess property tax, to determine a sales
price, or to determine the amount of a mortgage that might be granted on a property. They may be called on to determine the value of any type of real
estate, ranging from farmland to a major shopping center, although they often specialize in appraising or assessing only a certain type of real estate such
as residential buildings or commercial properties. Assessors determine the value of all properties in a locality for property tax purposes whereas appraisers
appraise properties one at a time for a variety of purposes, such as to determine what a good sale price would be for a home or to settle an estate or aid in
a divorce settlement. (Real Estate Services,

Valuations of all types of real property are conducted using similar methods, regardless of the type of property or who employs the appraiser or assessor.
Appraisers and assessors work in localities they are familiar with so they have a knowledge of any environmental or other concerns that may affect the
value of a property. They note any unique characteristics of the property and of the surrounding area, such as a specific architectural style of a building or
a major highway located next to the parcel. They also take into account additional aspects of a property like the condition of the foundation and roof of a
building or any renovations that may have been done. Additionally, they may take pictures to document a certain room or feature, in addition to taking
pictures of the exterior of the building. After visiting the property, the appraiser or assessor will determine the fair value of the property by taking into
consideration such things as comparable home sales, lease records, location, previous appraisals, and income potential. They will then put all of their
research and observations together in a detailed report, stating not only the value of the parcel but the precise reasoning and methodology of how they
arrived at the estimate.

Appraisers have independent clients and focus solely on valuing one property at a time. They primarily work on a client-to-client basis, and make
appraisals for a variety of reasons. Real property appraisers often specialize by the type of real estate they appraise, such as residential properties, golf
courses, or strip malls. In general, commercial appraisers have the ability to appraise any real property but may generally only appraise property used for
commercial purposes, such as stores or hotels. Residential appraisers focus on appraising homes or other residences and only value those that house 1
to 4 families. Other appraisers have a general practice and value any type of real property.

Assessors predominately work for local governments and are responsible for valuing properties so a tax formula can be used to assess property taxes.
Unlike appraisers, assessors value entire neighborhoods using mass appraisal techniques to value all the homes in a local neighborhood at one time.
Although they do not usually focus on a single property they may assess a single property if the property owner challenges the assessment. They may use
a computer-programmed automated valuation model specifically developed for their assigned jurisdictions. In most jurisdictions the entire community must
be revalued annually or every few years. Depending on the size of the jurisdiction and the number of staff in an assessor’s office, an appraisal firm, often
called a revaluation firm, may do much of the work of valuing the properties in the jurisdiction. These results are then officially certified by the assessor.

When properties are reassessed, assessors issue notices of assessments and taxes that each property owner must pay. Assessors must be current on tax
assessment procedures and must be able to defend their property assessments, either to the owner directly or at a public hearing, as accurate, since
assessors are also responsible for dealing with tax payers who want to contest their assigned property taxes. Assessors also keep a database of every
parcel in their jurisdiction labeling the property owner, issued tax assessment, and size of the property, as well as property maps of the jurisdiction that
detail the property distribution of the jurisdiction.

Appraisers and assessors write a detailed report of each appraisal. Writing these reports has become faster and easier through the use of laptop
computers, allowing them to access data and write at least some of the report on-site. Another computer technology which has impacted this occupation
are electronic maps, made by assessor’s offices, of a given jurisdiction and its respective property distribution. Appraisers and assessors use these maps
to obtain an accurate perspective on the property and buildings surrounding a property. Digital cameras are also commonly used to document the physical
appearance of a building or land at the time of appraisal, and the pictures are also used in the documentation of the report.

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FannieMae's Property and Appraisal Guidelinesdetails their general requirements for analyzing the property appraisal aspects of conventional
mortgages secured by one- to four-family properties. It also discusses special considerations for certain types of housing-units in condominium, PUD, and
cooperative projects; manufactured (and other factory-built) homes; Community Living group homes; mixed-use properties; properties affected by
environmental hazards; urban properties; affordable housing program properties; properties located in special assessment or community facilities districts;
properties subject to leasehold interests (including those held by community land trusts); and energy-efficient properties—that merit special consideration
in the property and appraisal review. Because the evaluation of a property is such a vital part of the risk analysis, they expect a lender to place as much
emphasis on underwriting the property and reviewing the appraisal as it does on underwriting the borrower's creditworthiness.

They require the appraiser to provide complete and accurate reports; to report neighborhood and property conditions in factual and specific terms; to be
impartial and specific in describing favorable or unfavorable factors; and to avoid the use of subjective, racial, or stereotypical terms, phrases, or
comments in the appraisal report. The opinion of market value must represent the appraiser's professional conclusion, based on market data, logical
analysis, and judgment. When the information or methodology of an appraisal requires additional clarification or justification, the lender's underwriter must
obtain from the appraiser any information that is necessary to make an informed decision concerning the property.

We require that the appraiser and the lender follow appropriate practices in the property valuation and underwriting processes. Their appraisal standards
specifically prohibit the development of a valuation conclusion that is based on race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status, or national origin. The
effectiveness of our property underwriting guidelines is dependent on the ability of a lender and its appraisers to avoid the use of potentially discriminatory
practices in the property appraisal and underwriting processes.

We hold the lender responsible for the accuracy of both the appraisal and its assessment of the marketability of the property; therefore, it is important for a
lender's underwriters to understand their role in the appraisal process and their relationship to the appraiser.

• The appraiser's role is to provide the lender with an accurate, and adequately supported, opinion of value and an accurate description of the property.

• The underwriter's role is to review the appraisal report to assure that it is of professional quality and is prepared in a way that is consistent with our
appraisal standards, to analyze the property based on the appraisal, and to judge the property's acceptability as security for the mortgage requested in
view of its value and marketability.  

These requirements are intended to provide guidance to an underwriter and an appraiser about the type of information that is needed to make a prudent
underwriting decision. They are also designed to provide our minimum acceptable appraisal standards. We recognize that our guidelines may not address
every appraisal problem; therefore, we allow the appraiser discretion to properly develop the value opinion. The appraiser must, however, provide sound
reasoning in his or her appraisal report for any decisions he or she makes that are not specifically covered by our guidelines.

This Part XI consists of four Chapters:

• Chapter 1—Appraiser Qualifications—discusses the lender's responsibility for selecting appraisers and for reviewing their appraisals both initially and on
an on-going basis, the use of supervisory or review appraisers, and our right not only to refuse to accept appraisals prepared by specific appraisers, but
also to refer unacceptable appraisal reports to the appropriate state appraiser licensing or regulatory boards for investigation and action.

• Chapter 2—Appraisal (or Property Inspection) Documentation—describes the various appraisal (or property inspection) report forms that are to be used
to document an appraisal (or property inspection) and any required exhibits to them; discusses requirements related to the age of an appraisal (or
property inspection) report; explains the types of appraisals needed for new, proposed, and existing construction; and references the various certifications
that an appraiser must make.

• Chapter 3—Special Appraisal Considerations—discusses considerations that should be given to properties with unusual features, points out the need for
properties to meet specific eligibility criteria in order for the mortgage to be delivered to us, and explains the detrimental effect that certain environmental
conditions can have on a property's value.

• Chapter 4—Reviewing the Appraisal Report—discusses the requirements for analyzing a property and its appraisal.

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FDIC Law, Regulations, Related Acts  § 323.4  Minimum appraisal standards.
For
federally related transactions, all appraisals shall, at a minimum:
(a)  Conform to generally accepted appraisal standards as evidenced by the   Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice (USPAP) promulgated
by the Appraisal Standards Board of the Appraisal Foundation, 1029 Vermont Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20005, unless principles of safe and sound
banking require compliance with stricter standards;
(b)  Be written and contain sufficient information and analysis to support the institution's decision to engage in the transaction;
(c)  Analyze and report appropriate deductions and discounts for proposed construction or renovation, partially leased buildings, non-market lease terms,
and tract developments with unsold units;
(d)  Be based upon the definition of market value as set forth in this part; and
(e)  Be performed by state licensed or certified appraisers in accordance with requirements set forth in this part. [Codified to 12 C.F.R. § 323.4]


The Federal Credit Union Act (FCUA) is the source of authority for all federally chartered credit unions and governs the coverage and terms of insured
accounts at all federally insured credit unions. The
FCUA also determines the structure and duties of the National Credit Union Administration.

NCUA issues regulations to interpret and enforce the provisions of the FCUA. Visit our Regulations section to find a PDF version of this publication.

NCUA issues guidance to assist credit unions with the interpretation of regulations, raise awareness of emerging issues and communicate the agency's
interpretation of legal issues. Visit Legal Opinions, Letters to Credit Unions, Regulatory Alerts, Accounting Bulletin and IRPS for more information.

Many consumer protection and financial protection laws are enforced by NCUA and other federal agencies. Visit Laws and Enforcement Authorities for
Credit Unions to view a list of these laws.


For
probate appraisals the appraisal of property in the inventory shall be made by the personal representative, probate referee, or independent expert
as provided in the probate code  


Appraisals for the
Los Angeles Word Airport must comply with requirements established by the City of Los Angeles, the Federal Aviation Administration
Audit, and The Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970 (The Uniform Act), as amended (49 CFR Part 24) which is
mandatory and establishes the minimum Real Property Acquisition Policies for Appraisal, Negotiation, and Property Possession Standards and
Requirements.  The appraisal is a formal written statement used to determine the fair market rent, and value or just compensation for purchase of a
specific property.  The Real Estate Contracting Officer must determine the appropriate type of appraisal method to be used: No appraisal for property
value less than $2,500, A Value Finding (opinion of value) for properties whose value is estimated to be $2,500 to $5,000, A Short Form appraisal for non-
complex properties regardless of the estimated purchase price, and finally a Long Form is required for all eminent domain proceedings regardless of the
estimated cost.  For the purchase of real property the appraisal should include a before and after valuation of the property to determine the value of any
severance damage.

According to the “
Appraisal Guide:” “Appraisal problems are often encountered by States, local agencies, and appraisers because there is not a clear
understanding of the relationship between the
“Uniform Act” and the appraisal function on Federal or federally-assisted projects.  This guide was
developed to assist those involved to avoid potential appraisal problems.”  The major topics covered by the guide are: The “Uniform Act,” the “Appraisal
Formats,” and an “Appraisal Glossary.”

The purpose of the “Uniform Act” is to ensure that all property owners are treated fairly and uniformly.  Appraisal requirements are: 1) Establish just
Compensation  2) Disregard Differentials in Value Due to the Public Improvement  3) Consider the Possibility of Uneconomic Remnants  4) Separate
Damages From Value of Property Taken  5) Appraise All Buildings, Structures, and Improvements  6) Consideration of Tenant Owned Buildings,
Structures, and Improvements  7) Appraise Equal Interest in All Buildings, Structures, and Improvements and 8) Separate Tenant Interest in the Appraisal.


Appraisals for the
Los Angeles Unified School District must be prepared in compliance with the Office of Public School Construction (OPSC), site
acquisition guidelines.  The OPSC is primarily a funding agency of the State Allocation Board who is responsible for the equitable allocation of tax dollars.  
Their basic appraisal criteria are:

(a) The land improvements and appurtenances, excluding fixtures, equipment and personal property, were appraised in an as is condition.

(b) Consideration in the appraisal was made for net useable acreage and severance damages.

(c) The district or its legal counsel has contracted for the appraisal service.

(d) The appraiser has certified to the district that the appraisal complies with the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice (
USPAP) as
promulgated by the Appraisal Standards Board of the Appraisal Foundation.

(e) The amount of a court award for a site acquired in condemnation may be used in lieu of the appraised value determined in (a) through (d) above, when
specifically approved by the Board.

Preparation of appraisals for
subsidized housing in compliance with the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice (USPAP) requires
knowledge and experience that goes beyond typical residential competency.  Subsidized housing may be defined as single- or multifamily residential real
estate targeted for ownership or occupancy by low- or moderate-income households as a result of public programs and other financial tools that assist or
subsidize the developer, purchaser, or tenant in exchange for restrictions on use and occupancy.  The United States Department of Housing and Urban
Development (HUD) provides the primary definition of income and asset eligibility standards for low- and moderate-income households.  Other federal,
state, and local agencies, like the
California Tax Credit Allocation Committee and the Housing Authority of the City of Los Angeles, may define
income eligibility standards for specific programs and developments under their jurisdictions.  

Subsidies and incentives that encourage housing for low- and moderate-income households may create intangible property rights in addition to real
property rights and also create restrictions that modify real property rights.  The appraiser should demonstrate the ability to discern the differences
between the real and intangible property rights and value the various rights involved.  
Low-Income Housing Tax Credits (LIHTCs) are an example of an
incentive that results in intangible property rights that are not real property but might be included in the appraisal.  Project-based rent subsidies are an
example of a subsidy accompanied by restrictions that modify real property rights.  Appraisers should be aware that tenant-based rent subsidies do not
automatically result in a property right to the owner or developer of subsidized housing.

In appraisal of subsidized housing, the value definition selected or required by the client and the reporting techniques should be discussed with the client
prior to acceptance of the assignment because the analyses may be based on general market terms, subsidized housing submarket financing with unusual
conditions or incentives, both, or some other defined premise.  Appraisers should be aware that appraisal of subsidized housing usually requires more than
one value analysis predicated on different scenarios.  In appraisal of subsidized housing, value conclusions that include intangibles arising from the
programs will also have to be analyzed under a scenario without the intangibles in order to measure their influence on value and report the results without
misleading the intended user.

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Comparative Market Analysis,

What Is a
HUD Appraiser/Appraisal?  An appraiser is a professional person who can tell you what your home is worth. The appraiser will come to your
house and list the number and size of the rooms and any extras, such as a fireplace, porch, pool, or garage. The appraiser will compare your home and
property to other homes that have sold recently with similar features. The appraiser then estimates that your home might sell for approximately the same
amount of money as similar homes. This is called an "appraisal."

An appraisal is an estimate of what amount of money your home may sell for. It is very different from a home inspection which will warn you against
anything in the new home that should be fixed. A home inspection must be conducted by a qualified home inspection.

The reason for a
Relocation Appraisal is to estimate the market value of a transferee's home and to provide insight into the client's needs and objectives.
Other types of appraisals are done for the purpose of insurance, mortgage, probate, or taxes. They all have something in common in that they follow an
appraisal process. However, each of these types of appraisal has a different set of guidelines and procedures to follow; so does the relocation appraisal.

The relocation appraisal has a set of definitions and instructions to appraisers that relate only to the relocation appraisal. These guidelines differ
substantially from the appraisal process for other types of appraisals. A thorough explanation of these guidelines is included in the
Relocation Appraisal
Guide
published by the Employee Relocation Council, Washington, D.C.

They direct the appraiser to forecast what the home will sell for in "as is condition" within a reasonable marketing time. They can also direct the appraiser to
estimate the market value within a specified time frame. Confusion often exists as to the interpretation of market value and reasonable marketing time.
These guidelines may be altered at the direction of the client who may have supplemental guidelines.

The relocation appraiser is often asked to take time during the inspection to counsel the transferee on the appraisal process and accept information from
the transferee such as "brag sheets" listing improvements to the home since purchase and a factual record of any recent sales and listings in the
neighborhood which can be verified by the appraiser. The inspection and counseling often require an hour, during which the appraiser has the opportunity
to communicate credibility and professionalism.

The relocation appraisal does not require a cost approach; however, if the appraiser is going to submit this report for experience credit it is suggested that
a cost approach be completed and kept in the appraiser's file for future review by an Admissions Committee. (Note: the Employee Relocation Appraisal
Report that was revised in 1994 and is currently being used in the industry, has the correct departures from the Uniform Standards of Professional
Appraisal Practice)

Another way in which a relocation appraisal differs from a mortgage appraisal is the appraisal review process. An appraiser who accepts a relocation
appraisal assignment must be prepared to take the time to write a competent report, discuss the report with the client, and be responsive to the client's
questions. Requests for review of the factual data presented by the transferee or data reported in another appraiser's report is part of the relocation
appraisal process. The appraiser is not being asked to change his value, but merely to review additional data to determine if it could have an impact on his
original value conclusion.

The appraiser must be educated in relocation appraising and willing to devote the extra time required for answering client questions about his report. The
appraiser must be aware that two to five appraisal reports are being reviewed and discrepancies often occur. The questions are asked for clarification,
edification, and corrections since the reports are further reviewed by corporate relocation personnel and, ultimately, the transferee.

Reprinted with permission from
The Society of Real Estate Appraisers, Fall 1990 Journal
225 North Michigan Avenue, Suite 724
Chicago, Illinois 60601-7601

THE COST SEGREGATION AUDIT TECHNIQUES GUIDE
This ATG has been developed to assist Internal Revenue Service (Service) examiners in the review and examination of cost segregation studies. The
primary goals are to provide examiners with an understanding of

why cost segregation studies are performed for federal income tax purposes;
how cost segregation studies are prepared; and,
what to look for in the review and examination of these studies.
The ATG was developed by a cross-functional team of Service engineers and agents and is not intended as an official IRS pronouncement. Accordingly, it
may not be cited as authority.

BACKGROUND
In order to calculate depreciation for Federal income tax purposes, taxpayers must use the correct method and proper recovery period for each asset or
property owned. Property, whether acquired or constructed, often consists of numerous asset types with different recovery periods. Thus, property must be
separated into individual components or asset groups having the same recovery periods and placed-in-service dates in order to properly compute
depreciation.

When the actual cost of each individual component is available, this is a rather simple procedure. However, when only lump-sum costs are available, cost
estimating techniques may be required to "segregate" or "allocate" costs to individual components of property (e.g., land, land improvements, buildings,
equipment, furniture and fixtures, etc.). This type of analysis is generally called a "cost segregation study," "cost segregation analysis," or "cost allocation
study."

In recent years, increasing numbers of taxpayers have submitted either original tax returns or claims for refund with depreciation deductions based on cost
segregation studies. The underlying incentive for preparing these studies for federal income tax purposes is the significant tax benefits derived from
utilizing shorter recovery periods and accelerated depreciation methods for computing depreciation deductions. The issues for Service examiners are the
rationale used to segregate property into its various components, and the methods used to allocate the total project costs among these components.

The most common situation is the allocation or reallocation of building costs to tangible personal property. A building, termed "section (§) 1250 property", is
generally 39-year property eligible for straight-line depreciation. Equipment, furniture and fixtures, termed "section (§) 1245 property", are tangible
personal property. Tangible personal property has a short recovery period (e.g., 5 or 7 years) and is also eligible for accelerated depreciation (e.g.,
double declining balance). Thus, a faster depreciation write-off (and tax benefit) can be obtained by allocating property costs to § 1245 property, or by
reallocating § 1250 property costs to § 1245 property.

A simple example illustrates the tax benefits of a cost segregation study. In general, a turnkey construction project includes elements of tangible personal
property (e.g., phone system, computer system, process piping, storage tanks). It is relatively easy to identify these items as § 1245 property and allocate
a portion of the total project costs to them. However, a cost segregation study may also report certain building occupancy items, such as carpeting, wall
coverings, partitions, millwork, lighting fixtures, suspended ceilings, doors, as § 1245 property. These items may or may not constitute qualifying § 1245
property depending on particular facts and circumstances, such as the location of the assets and the specific activities for which the project was designed.

In addition to identifying specific project components that qualify as § 1245 property, cost segregation studies may treat portions of building components as
§ 1245 property. For example, a study may conclude that 15 percent of a building’s electrical system directly supports § 1245 property, such as specialized
kitchen equipment. Based on that conclusion, the study will then treat 15 percent of the electrical system as § 1245 property. The allocation of building
components to § 1245 property is often a contentious issue.

Property allocations and reallocations are typically based on criteria established under the Investment Tax Credit (ITC). A plethora of legislative acts, court
decisions and Service rulings have produced complex and often conflicting guidance with respect to property qualifying for ITC, resulting in no bright-line
tests for distinguishing § 1245 property from § 1250 property. Related issues, such as the capitalization of interest and production costs under IRC § 263A
and changes in accounting method, add to the complexity of this issue.

In a recent landmark decision, the Tax Court ruled that, to the extent tangible personal property is included in an acquisition or in overall costs, it should be
treated as such for depreciation purposes. The court also decided that the rules for determining whether property qualifies as tangible personal property
for purposes of ITC (under pre-1981 tax law) are also applicable to determining depreciation under current law. [See Hospital Corporation of America, 109
T.C. 21 (1997)] The Service acquiesced to the use of ITC rules for distinguishing § 1245 property from § 1250 property.

Based on these developments, the use of cost segregation studies will likely continue to increase. Unfortunately, there are no standards regarding the
preparation of these studies. Accordingly, studies vary widely in terms of the methodology, documentation, depth, format, and expertise of the study’s
preparer. This lack of consistency, coupled with the complexity of the law in this area, often results in an examination that is controversial and burdensome
for all parties.

Examiners reviewing cost segregation studies must determine the proper classification and correct costs of property. In some cases (e.g., small projects)
examiners may be able to evaluate a study without assistance. However, other studies may require specialists with expertise, industry experience and
specialized training (e.g., Engineers, Computer Audit Specialists and/or Technical Advisors). Examiners should perform a risk analysis as early as possible
to determine the depth of an exam and the need for assistance.

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
Depreciation issues involving cost segregation studies cross all LMSB industry lines and impact SB/SE taxpayers as well. The lack of consistency in cost
segregation studies and the absence of bright-line tests for distinguishing property contribute to the difficulties of this issue. The purpose of this ATG is to
provide the foundation to a better understanding of cost segregation studies and to provide the examination steps that will facilitate the audit process and
minimize burden on taxpayers, practitioners and Service examiners alike.


EXPERT WITNESS
Over the years we have worked on numerous projects which were tied to a judicial mandate.  They include dissolution of marriage proceedings, property
tax disputes, inheritance tax liability disputes, probates, and acquisitions by eminent domain.  To our credit all, but one, was settled prior to trial with one
requiring a deposition hearing.  

Our one court appearance was in the Superior Court, State of California-Compton Judicial District, July 1999.  We provided plaintiff expert witness
testimony in an inverse condemnation case.


APPRAISAL REVIEW
Federal and State Laws, and Contractual Agreements precludes the communication of our work product to unauthorized parties.  In lieu of an actual
Review Report I feel it is worth stating that an appraisal review is not an easy assignment.  It is exceedingly important for a “Reviewer” to have a broad base
of experience and education, dependance on affiliation with a particular trade/professional association for review or other assignments is unwise.  

We have designed a process to establish an amicable, communicative relationship between us and the appraiser under review.  We stick to the facts and
support every observed deficiency with a Citation and Supporting Documentation,
WE DO NOT PROVIDE UNSUBSTANTIATED OPINIONS OR
INTERPRETATIONS (USPAP, Standards Rule 3-1.f & g, 1347, 1348 and 1351: ... and develop the reasons for any disagreement)
.  For example,
an appraiser who has used an incorrect legal description would be notified of this fact, given the appropriate Citation from USPAP or the applicable
regulation then provided the correct description contained in the vesting document or similar available document.  It goes without saying that “time is of the
essence.”  We have found that this process  works extremely well in the expeditious completion of our Review Assignments; typically within one week.

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Commercial Appraiser, Income Property Appraisal, Income Property Appraiser, Appraisal, Appraiser, Commercial Real Estate Appraiser, Fast Appraiser,
Real Estate Consultants, Real Estate Appraisers, Apartment Appraiser, Land Appraiser, Real Estate Inspectors, Real Estate Broker, Expert Witness-Real
Estate, ASTM E2018, Insurance Inspector, FEMA Inspector, MAI, Appraisal Institute, General Appraiser, Full Service Real Estate Consultant, loan
calculator, Real Estate Services, Appraisal Services, Approved Appraisers, Link Partners, HUD Appraiser, Rehab Consultant, Remodel Consultant, CMA
Comparative Market Analysis,


REAL PROPERTY INSPECTIONS
A recent addition to our Appraisal Practice is incorporation of the American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM) E-2018 Commercial Inspection
Protocol into each and every Multi Family Residential, Commercial, and Industrial Appraisal Report, upon request.  The purpose of this protocol is to define
a good commercial and customary practice in the United States of America for conducting a baseline
Property Condition Assessment (PCA) of the
improvements located on a parcel of residential, commercial, or industrial real estate.  The process is performed by a walk-through survey/inspection, and
conducting research, as outlined within the ASTM E-2018 guide.  The goal is to identify and communicate physical deficiencies to a user.  Physical
deficiencies are the presence of conspicuous defects or material deferred maintenance on a subject property’s material systems, components, or
equipment as observed during the field observer’s walk-through survey/inspection.  This standard specifically excludes deficiencies that may be remedied
with routine maintenance, miscellaneous minor repairs, normal operating maintenance, and de minims conditions that generally do not represent material
physical deficiencies of the property.   (
Sample RFP)

The scope of the standard includes a document review, independent research, and personal interviews which augment the walk-through
survey/inspection.  The work product resulting from completing a PCA in accordance with the
ASTM E-2018 standard is a Property Condition Report
(PCR)
.  The PCR incorporates the information obtained during the Walk-Through Survey, the Document Review and Interviews, and includes opinions of
probable costs for suggested remedies of the physical deficiencies identified.  The objective of the walk through inspection is to visually observe the
subject property so as to obtain information on material systems and components for the purposes of providing a brief description, identifying physical
deficiencies to the extent that they are observable, and obtain information needed to address issues in the PCR.  The purpose of the document review and
interviews is to assist with the consultant’s understanding of the subject property and identification of physical deficiencies.  Our goal, once again, is to be
the leader in our industry by continuously improving our work product.

Instructions For Preparing
The Multifamily Property Inspection & Evaluation Report (Form 4255) This Form 4255 should be completed by the servicer.
It should be submitted to Fannie Mae within 30 days of completion of each
annual physical inspection and at such other times as Fannie Mae requires.
General Instructions Before visiting the site, obtain and review:

• a current Certification to Project Rent Roll (Form 4243)
• a copy of the previous Multifamily Property Inspection and Evaluation Report
While at the site:
• inspect all vacant units
• inspect the lesser of 20 occupied units or 5 percent of the occupied units, if possible
• inspect units of each unit type
• see enough of the project to assess how the Property is being maintained
• take 5-10 representative color photographs of the buildings, units, and features inspected
• take photographs of extraordinary items requiring repair, maintenance, or replacement
• interview the property manager and other on-site staff to follow-up on maintenance items noted on the last Multifamily

Property Inspection and Evaluation Report and to get feedback on the Property’s condition and performance After conducting each annual inspection and
completing Form 4255, submit the original of the form along with a copy of the
Certification to Project Rent Roll (Form 4243), and a representative set of photographs to Multifamily Operations - Asset Management at the following
address:
Fannie Mae
Multifamily Operations - Asset Management
Drawer #AM
3900 Wisconsin Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20016

Inspection Resource Center
Periodic physical property inspections are a critical component of oversight and maintenance of commercial and multifamily properties.  Mortgage Bankers
Association
(MBA) has worked with industry leaders to help increase the level of communication, standardization of reporting and the quality of the review
for property inspections.  

In 2005, Mortgage Bankers Association (MBA) adopted new inspector qualifications best practices, which require adequate training and experience for all
those professionals inspecting properties financed by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.  

MBA will continue to work with the members on property inspections in 2006.


Detrimental conditions cause over $50 billion in damages annually, and this figure is consistently rising.  Some cite the fact that much of today’s
developments are in areas that were once considered too risky because of soil conditions, access, proximity to airports, jails or prisons, or for other
reasons.  
The Real Estate Disclosure Report was developed as a comprehensive process to report on the myriad of issues that may be important to the
property owner, lender, or other client, so that the user of the disclosed data has a clear picture of the property’s condition and environs.  We are one of a
very few companies, nation wide, certified by the Appraisal Institute to prepare Real Estate Disclosure Reports
(RED Reports).

The RED Report does not put a dollar figure on any conditions.  A proper disclosure report simply informs the user of the report that certain conditions are
known or believed to exist, but is not a guarantee or substitute for a cost study.  The conditions may have no impact on value whatsoever.  Items of
disclosure include: General Conditions, Transactional Conditions, Market Conditions, Distress or Tragic Conditions (Crime, Deaths, etc.), Imposed
Conditions (Zoning, CC&R’s, etc.), Building Conditions, Soils Conditions, Environmental Conditions, Natural Conditions (Earthquake, Endangered Species,
etc.), and Hazardous Conditions.  

INITIAL INSPECTIONS 1950.5 (f)(1)-Within a reasonable time after notification of either party's intention to terminate the tenancy, or before the end of the
lease term, the landlord shall notify the tenant in writing of his or her option to request an initial inspection and of his or her right to be present at the
inspection.  

In 1999 we were Certified as
Contract Physical Inspectors, for the “NIC” and “BIC” Contracts, by the Real Estate Assessment Center (REAC), a newly
formed agency of HUD.  REAC is responsible for obtaining physical inspection and financial information for HUD-insured and assisted housing.  The
purpose of the Inspection Program is to inspect properties with HUD-held mortgages, properties for which HUD acts as the Section 8 contract administrator,
and properties owned by Public Housing Agencies.  HUD published a final rule that established uniform physical condition standards for public housing and
housing that was insured and/or assisted under certain HUD properties.  These standards are intended to ensure that this housing is decent, safe,
sanitary, and in good repair.


REHAB CONSULTATIONS
The Federal Housing Administration (FHA), which is part of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), administers various single family
mortgage insurance programs. These programs operate through FHA-approved lending institutions which submit applications to have the property
appraised and have the buyer's credit approved. These lenders fund the mortgage loans which the Department insures. HUD does not make direct loans
to help people buy homes.

The
Section 203(k) program is the Department's primary program for the rehabilitation and repair of single family properties. As such, it is an important tool
for community and neighborhood revitalization and for expanding homeownership opportunities. Since these are the primary goals of HUD, the Department
believes that Section 203(k) is an important program and we intend to continue to strongly support the program and the lenders that participate in it.

Many lenders have successfully used the Section 203(k) program in partnership with state and local housing agencies and nonprofit organizations to
rehabilitate properties. These lenders, along with state and local government agencies, have found ways to combine Section 203(k) with other financial
resources, such as HUD's HOME, HOPE, and Community Development Block Grant Programs, to assist borrowers. Several state housing finance agencies
have designed programs, specifically for use with Section 203(k) and some lenders have also used the expertise of local housing agencies and nonprofit
organizations to help manage the rehabilitation processing.

The Department also believes that the Section 203(k) program is an excellent means for lenders to demonstrate their commitment to lending in lower
income communities and to help meet their responsibilities under the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA). HUD is committed to increasing homeownership
opportunities for families in these communities and Section 203(k) is an excellent product for use with CRA-type lending programs.

If you have questions about the 203(k) program or are interested in getting a 203(k) insured mortgage loan, we suggest that you get in touch with an FHA-
approved lender in your area or the Homeownership Center in your area.


Housing rehabilitation is an important component of any strategy aimed at meeting the nation's affordable housing needs. Keeping a home in good working
order or bringing one back from a state of disrepair promotes both sustainability and affordability with every stroke of the hammer and every plumb line
snap.
Pursuing a high quality rehab or renovation can also result in homes that are
better able to withstand storms and other natural disasters.


DISCOUNT REAL ESTATE BROKER
Full Service - Discounted Fees
(Maximum broker commission 4%)

Six-Percent Real Estate Broker Business Model
Services: Broker Only
Agents: Four (4)
Commissions Paid by Seller: Four (4)
Royalties to Franchiser: Varies
Savings: None

Our Discount, Real Estate Broker Business Model
Services: Broker, Appraiser, Loan Broker, Attorney Referral
Agents: One (1)
Commissions Paid By Seller: One (1)
Royalties to Franchiser: None (0)
Savings: Minimum Two-Percent (2%)


Appraisal Services
Product Name Description Code
1004 Appraisal with REO Addendum Uniform Residential Appraisal Report with REO Addendum. Two to Four pages including floor plan with exterior
dimensions photographs of the subject and comparable properties, location and flood maps and any assumption and limiting condition addenda. Requires
licensed or certified appraiser to inspect the property and gather the information for the report.  283
1004 without cost approach Considers market value trends, supply & demand and marketing times. Provides a sales comparison analysis grid with
indicated value by sales comparison approach. Detailed comparable grid includes fence, pool, porch, patio, deck, garage/carport, heating/cooling and
functional utility. Quantitative adjustments to comparable sales. Estimates a specific market value. Used for purchase, refinance and home equity markets  
566
1004_05 Residential Appr Rpt Uniform Residential Appraisal Report. Two to Four pages including floor plan with exterior dimensions photographs of the
subject and comparable properties, location and flood maps and any assumption and limiting condition addenda. Requires licensed or certified appraiser
to inspect the property and gather the information for the report.  491
1004C_05 Manuf Home Appr Rpt Manufactured Home Appraisal Addendum - 1004 C: Manufactured Home Appraisal Report Addendum  492
1004D_05 Appr Upd/Cmpl Order Appraisal / eValuations, Appraisal Update: An update to a previously ordered appraisal. The appraiser will re-verify the
value of the property that is stated on the appraisal.  493
1004D_05 Appraisal Update An update to a previously ordered appraisal. The appraiser will re-verify the value of the property that is stated on the
appraisal.  523
1004D_05 Cert of Completion (Final Inspection) A one page form primarily used when properties are appraised prior to the completion of their construction
of renovation.  522
1025_05 Small Res Income Appr Rpt The appraiser's analysis and estimate of value for either a conventional or a VA mortgage that is secured by a two- to
four-family property.  494
1073_05 Indiv Condo Unit Appr Rpt The appraiser's analysis and estimate of value for an individual condominium unit.  495
1075_05 Ext Only Insp Indiv Condo The appraiser's analysis and estimate of value for an individual condominium unit.  496
2000_05 1 Unit Res Appr Field Review A spot-check appraisal report to enable a review appraiser to address the accuracy of the data in the appraisal
report being reviewed and to develop an opinion on the appropriateness of the appraisal methods and techniques that the original appraiser used.  498
2000A_05 2 to 4 Unit Res Appr A spot-check appraisal report to enable a review appraiser to address the accuracy of the data in the appraisal report
being reviewed and to develop an opinion on the appropriateness of the appraisal methods and techniques that the original appraiser used.  499
2055_05 Ext Only Resident Appr Rpt Provides a specific market value; Exterior inspection only and comparable sales; certification and statement of limiting
conditions; front and street scene photos of the property; comparable photos available at an additional fee; comparable adjustment grid in the Sales
Comparison Analysis  497
2090_05 Indiv Coop Interest Appr The appraiser's analysis and estimate of value for an individual cooperative unit that secures a conventional cooperative
share loan.  500
2095_05 Ext Only Indiv Coop Interest The appraiser's analysis and estimate of value for an individual cooperative unit to ensure the validity of data
provided on the original appraisal report.  501
Addenda Req. If an addition is needed to suit a lender's guidelines that was not ordered for the original report, the appraiser will be asked to address the
issue(s) to facilitate the loan closing at no extra cost to the lender.  18
Addenda Req. - Fee If an addition is needed to suit a lender's guidelines that was not ordered for the original report, the appraiser will be asked to address
the issue(s) to facilitate the loan closing for a minimal fee.  17
Amendment An Amendment is product type used when additional information is requested on a previously delivered appraisal. The Amendment is
considered a new order and has a specialized product code that applies to all form types. Multiple Amendments can be ordered, each having its own
unique transaction ID different from that of the original order.  376
Appraisal Update An update to a previously ordered appraisal. The appraiser will re-verify the value of the property that is stated on the appraisal.  367
Assessor Maps Assessor map image of the property  457
BPO Broker's Price Opinion. Real Estate Brokers provide comparable sales and their estimate of market value based on a 90-120 day market.  32
BPO - Interior A BPO - Interior is a one-page form consisting of Sales and Listing history, Subject Property Description, Comparable Sales that have sold
within the last 6 months, Complete Listings, Marketing Conditions, Property Valuation, Interior Inspection and 2 interior and 2 exterior photos are included.  
374
Centralized Desktop An appraisal that is completed in a centralized location by a licensed appraiser. The purpose of the appraisal is to estimate the market
value of the real property that is the subject of the report based upon qualitative sales comparison analysis.  256
Certified Market Analysis (CMA) For listing the property purposes, Real Estate Brokers provide comparable sales and their estimate of market value based
on a 90-120 day market.  31
Comp Check Preliminary search of compatible data in the subject market area. Often ordered when property value is uncertain or final appraisal value is
crucial.  22
Comparable Rent Schedule (1007/1000) (Rent Sched. 1007, Oper. Stmt Form 1000) Estimation of market rent and rental analysis. Usually ordered for
duplexes and multi-family properties.  16
Condition & Marketability - Exterior (2070) Exterior report of the condition and marketability of the subject property, and does not report a value for the
subject property.  74
Condition & Marketability - Interior (2070) Interior report of the condition and marketability of the subject property, and does not report a value for the
subject property.  75
Condominium (1073/465) The appraiser's analysis and estimate of value for an individual condominium unit.  65
Condominium Addendum Form (1073a/465a) Addendum form, Analysis of Annual Income and Expenses-Operating Budget. Summarized information about
the operating budget and reserves for the coming year for Type C condominium projects and Type 2 cooperative projects.  66
Construction Inspection Report Construction Inspection Report  76
Desk Review - Complete (2006) Property Inspection Report. An exterior-only property inspections report of the subject property from the street by a
licensed or certified appraiser without an estimate of market value for the property.  11
Desk Review - Enhanced (2006) Property Inspection Report. An exterior-only property inspections report of the subject property from the street by a
licensed or certified appraiser without an estimate of market value for the property.  245
Desk Review - Limited (2075) Property Inspection Report. An exterior-only property inspections report of the subject property from the street by a licensed
or certified appraiser without an estimate of market value for the property.  10
Drive By (2065) Qualitative Analysis Appraisal Report. Property value derived by using county records and an exterior inspection. A qualitative sales
comparison in terms of value relationships between the comparable properties and the subject property without assigning an estimated dollar value to
those relationships. Includes subject photos and comparable photos.  6
Drive By 2055 Exterior w/Comp Photos Provides a specific market value; exterior inspection only and comparable sales certification and statement of
limiting conditions; front and street scene photos of the property; comparable photos; comparable adjustment grid in the Sales Comparison Analysis.  177
Drive By 2055 Interior w/Comp Photos Provides a specific market value; Interior inspection and comparable sales; certification and statement of limiting
conditions; front and street scene photos of the property; comparable photos; comparable adjustment grid in the Sales Comparison Analysis.  178
Drive By with Exterior (2055) Provides a specific market value; Exterior inspection only and comparable sales; certification and statement of limiting
conditions; front and street scene photos of the property; comparable photos available at an additional fee; comparable adjustment grid in the Sales
Comparison Analysis  49
Drive By with Interior (2055) Provides a specific market value; Interior inspection and comparable sales; certification and statement of limiting conditions;
front and street scene photos of the property; comparable photos available at an additional fee; comparable adjustment grid in the Sales Comparison
Analysis  132
DU Property Inspection (2075) An exterior-only property inspections report of the subject property from the street by a licensed or certified appraiser
without an estimate of market value for the property.  34
DU Qualitative Analysis - Exterior (2065) Property value derived by using county records and an exterior inspection. A qualitative sales comparison in terms
of value relationships between the comparable properties and the subject property without assigning an estimated dollar value to those relationships.
Includes subject photos and comparable photos.  33
DU Qualitative Analysis - Interior (2065) Property value derived by using county records and an interior inspection. A qualitative sales comparison in terms
of value relationships between the comparable properties and the subject property without assigning an estimated dollar value to those relationships.
Includes subject photos and comparable photos.  135
DU Quantitative Analysis - Exterior (2055) Exterior inspection report of one-family properties (including units in condominium or PUD projects) with a
quantitative sales comparison analysis in which the appraiser assigns a dollar value to reflect the market's reaction to any features of a comparable sale
that differ from those of the subject property.  72
DU Quantitative Analysis - Interior (2055) Interior inspection report of one-family properties (including units in condominium or PUD projects) with a
quantitative sales comparison analysis in which the appraiser assigns a dollar value to reflect the market's reaction to any features of a comparable sale
that differ from those of the subject property  20
E - Evaluation Report The estimated market value of the subject property is determined based upon an exterior inspection and the use of five indicators of
value: owner’s estimate; prior sales price; assessed value; value range of neighborhood properties; one comparable sale.  401
EGP - Evaluation Grid Report The estimated market value of the subject property is determined based upon an exterior inspection utilizing three
comparable sales. Features of the comparable sales are compared to the subject property and a lump sum adjustment, either positive or negative is made
to each comparable sales selling price to conclude an estimated market value of the subject property.  402
Employee Relocation (ERC) Six page form utilizing Multiple Listing data regarding subject and comparable properties. Relocation appraisals are used by
companies that relocate employees and assume their properties. These companies need to verify the value of the employee's property for future sale.  15
Enhanced Field Review 2000 A spot-check appraisal report to enable a review appraiser to address the accuracy of the data in the appraisal report being
reviewed and to develop an opinion on the appropriateness of the appraisal methods and techniques that the original appraiser used for a 2-4 unit + 3
additional comps  347
Fannie Mae BPO - Exterior Fannie Mae Broker Price Opinion is a fully compliant Fannie Mae BPO. Fannie Mae BPOs include three comparable
listings/three comparable sales, detailed neighborhood information.  449
Fannie Mae BPO - Interior Fannie Mae Broker Price Opinion is a fully compliant Fannie Mae BPO. Fannie Mae BPOs include three comparable
listings/three comparable sales, detailed neighborhood information.  450
Field Data Collection AVM Report CT-MI Residentail Evaluation Mortgage Report [REMR].  248
Field Data Collection AVM Report with Photo CT-MI Residentail Evaluation Mortgage Report [REMR] with Photo.  253
Field Inspection Product (FIP) A drive-by property inspection of residential real estate, performed by a licensed real estate agent or appraiser. The Field
Inspection Product can be coupled with any desktop valuation product to produce a low cost solution for physical verification and condition of an asset. All
FIPs includes a photo, property type confirmation and identifies any adverse conditions, which may negatively effect value. The Field Inspection Product
does not include a value for the subject property and is not an appraisal. This report will not include an interior inspection of the subject.  207
Field Inspection Product (FIP) with Insurance A drive-by property inspection of residential real estate, performed by a licensed real estate agent or
appraiser. The Field Inspection Product can be coupled with any desktop valuation product to produce a low cost solution for physical verification and
condition of an asset. All FIPs includes a photo, property type confirmation and identifies any adverse conditions, which may negatively effect value. The
Field Inspection Product does not include a value for the subject property and is not an appraisal. This report will not include an interior inspection of the
subject. Product includes Insurance.  247
Field Review (2000) A spot-check appraisal report to enable a review appraiser to address the accuracy of the data in the appraisal report being reviewed
and to develop an opinion on the appropriateness of the appraisal methods and techniques that the original appraiser used.  12
Field Review (2006) A spot-check appraisal report to enable a review appraiser to address the accuracy of the data in the appraisal report being reviewed
and to develop an opinion on the appropriateness of the appraisal methods and techniques that the original appraiser used.  478
Final Inspection (442) One page form used to complement the original appraisal. Primarily used when properties are appraised prior to the completion of
their construction of renovation.  14
Freddie Mac 1092 BPO - Exterior Freddie Mac 1092 Broker Price Opinion is a fully compliant Freddie Mac 1092. 1092s include detailed neighborhood
information, detailed repair estimates, three comparable sales and three listings with code based value adjustments.  451
Freddie Mac 1092 BPO - Interior Freddie Mac 1092 Broker Price Opinion is a fully compliant Freddie Mac 1092. 1092s include detailed neighborhood
information, detailed repair estimates, three comparable sales and three listings with code based value adjustments.  452
Full (1004) Uniform Residential Appraisal Report. Two to Four pages including floor plan with exterior dimensions photographs of the subject and
comparable properties, location and flood maps and any assumption and limiting condition addenda. Requires licensed or certified appraiser to inspect the
property and gather the information for the report.  7
Full-FHA (1004) Uniform Residential Appraisal Report. Two to Four pages including floor plan with exterior dimensions photographs of the subject and
comparable properties, location and flood maps and any assumption and limiting condition addenda. Requires licensed or certified appraiser to inspect the
property and gather the information for the report.  21
Generic Insured Valuation Generic Insured Valuation  540
Generic Uninsured Valuation Generic Uninsured Valuation  539
Individual Cooperative Interest (1075) The appraiser's analysis and estimate of value for an individual cooperative unit that secures a conventional
cooperative share loan.  73
Land Appraisal Report Land Appraisal Report  64
Local Desktop An appraisal that is completed in the local market by a licensed appraiser when the Centralized Desktop fails. The purpose of the appraisal
is to estimate the market value of the real property that is the subject of the report based upon qualitative sales comparison analysis.  257
LSI DVR A desktop valuation using the sales comparison approach.  488
Manufactured Home Appraisal Addendum - 1004 C Manufactured Home Appraisal Report Addendum  345
Misc. Miscellaneous appraisal product, not specified in other products. Please note exact requirements in Special Instructions Screen.  19
Operating Income Statement (216/998) Reports the amount of operating income that can be used in evaluating the applicant's credit on applications for
conventional mortgages that are secured by one-family investment properties and all two- to four-family properties (including those in which the applicant
occupies one of the units as a principal residence).  69
Prepay Drive By with Interior (2055) Provides a specific market value; Interior inspection and comparable sales; certification and statement of limiting
conditions; front and street scene photos of the property; comparable photos available at an additional fee; comparable adjustment grid in the Sales
Comparison Analysis. Payment is obtained prior to services rendered.  371
Prepay Full (1004) Uniform Residential Appraisal Report. Two to Four pages including floor plan with exterior dimensions photographs of the subject and
comparable properties, location and flood maps and any assumption and limiting condition addenda. Requires licensed or certified appraiser to inspect the
property and gather the information for the report. Payment is obtained prior to services rendered.  370
Property Condition Report The Property Condition Report is a drive-by property inspection, which features information about the subject property, provides
an exterior photograph and identifies any adverse conditions that could negatively affect property value.  255
Property Inspection(Condition&Marketability)(2075) An exterior-only property inspections report of the subject property from the street by a licensed or
certified appraiser without an estimate of market value for the property.  137
Property Occupancy Verification Property Occupancy Verification is a 48 hour exterior inspection and photo of the subject property completed by a local
real estate professional. The Property Occupancy Verification provides verifiable confirmation of the properties occupancy for loan quality control, quality
assurance purposes.  431
PVR Desktop A limited summary report based on public record and MLS data. Provides general subject and neighborhood information. Includes sales
comparison analysis of three recent sales to include GLA, Bedrooms/baths, garage, porches/patio/pools. Provides estimate of subject value based on
sales comparison analysis.  443
PVR Exterior A limited summary report based on public record and MLS data. Provides general subject and neighborhood information. Includes sales
comparison analysis of three recent sales to include GLA, Bedrooms/baths, garage, porches/patio/pools. Includes subject property verification. Rates
condition, marketability and appeal of subject property and neighborhood. Provides estimate of subject value based on sales comparison analysis and
property verification.  444
Quantitative Analysis Report - Exterior (704) Exterior summary appraisal report. Replaced by 2055.  67
Quantitative Analysis Report - Interior (704) Interior summary appraisal report. Replaced by 2055.  70
Recertification of Value If an unacceptable amount of time has passed since the original appraisal was performed and the closing of the loan, the appraiser
will be asked to re-verify the value of the property that is stated on the appraisal.  13
Restricted Appraisal Report (Blakewood/U.S. Forms) Restricted Appraisal Report (Blakewood/U.S. Forms)  71
Reverse Mortgage A standard 1004 inspection with the purpose to make a determination on the value of the property for equity purposes where the loan is
paid when the borrower moves or is deceased. VC sheets must be included to provide knowledge with respect to repairs.  258
Review Conducted by certified appraiser to ensure the validity of the data provided on the original appraisal report (Forms 2000, 2006)  8
Small Residential Income (1025) 2-4 Family Property. The appraiser's analysis and estimate of value for either a conventional or a VA mortgage that is
secured by a two- to four-family property.  68
Small Residential Income FHA (1025) 2-4 Family Property. The appraiser's analysis and estimate of value for a FHA loan that is secured by a two- to four-
family property.  136
Tax Assessed Value Value assigned to the property by the local taxing jurisdiction.  9
Unlimited Coop Review (2095) The appraiser's analysis and estimate of value for an individual cooperative unit to ensure the validity of data provided on
the original appraisal report.  473
Valuation Reconciliation Analysis of two or more residential property valuations that can assist lenders in reconciling disparate values on a specific
property. A real estate analyst performing the reconciliation renders an opinion of which value for the subject property is most likely accurate, based on the
unbiased findings borne by comprehensive research.  427

Select another service:

Title Services
Closing and Escrow Services
Appraisal Services
Automated Property Valuations
Flood Determinations
Consumer Credit Reports
Business Credit Reports
Document Services





REAL ESTATE CONSULTATIONS
Consulting is a unique real estate specialty.   It is not considered a specific discipline with a defined body of knowledge, such as brokerage, manager, or
appraisal.   Rather, real estate consulting is a process—one that requires technical competency, thoughtful analysis, and critical inquiry, all of which are
directed toward achieving the best results for a client or employer.   At a minimum your consultant should have a Real Estate Brokers Licence, a General
Appraisal Licence and basic understanding of Architectural Systems, Construction Methods and Inspection Techniques.

A Real Estate Consultant serves as the link between defining the problem and devising a solution, or measurable economic value.  Essential to the
consulting process is the trust and confidence that prevails in the client or employer relationship. No matter the property type, real estate decision makers
call upon the Consultants in-depth knowledge for a breadth of services including:

  • Feasibility Studies
  • Financial Analysis
  • Valuation and Appraisal
  • Acquisitions and Dispositions Consulting  
  • Real Estate Brokerage
  • Development Planning  
  • Asset Management and Capital Budgeting  
  • Site Location, Relocation, Lease/Purchase Evaluation
  • Corporate Real Estate Strategy
  • Commercial Mortgage-Backed Securities (CMBS)
  • Expert Witness Testimony and Litigation Support/Appraisal Review  
  • Investment Analysis
  • Supply/Demand Analysis
  • Highest and Best Use/Reuse Studies
  • Acquisition Due Diligence
  • Property Management and Performance Evaluation
  • Eminent Domain Appraiser/Broker  
  • Land Use Planning
  • Non-Profit Consulting   
  • Mortgage Lending
  • Pension Fund Consulting
  • Public/Private Partnerships
  • Workouts
  • Environmental Consulting



  • Facilities Planning
  • Capital Formation and Syndication
  • Exchanges
  • REITs   
  • Investment Advisory
  • Commercial Property Inspectors, Commercial Real Estate Inspectors, Appraiser, Appraisal, Commercial Appraiser, Real Estate Appraiser LA,
    Appraisal L.A., real estate appraiser, Certified General Appraiser, Mark to Market Appraisal, Mark to Market Valuations, HUD Appraiser, find a real
    estate appraiser, PMI Appraiser, Free Appraisal, Tax Appraiser, Appraisal Institute, Institute Appraiser, MAI Appraiser, Commercial Appraisal,
    Commercial Appraiser, Income Property Appraisal, Income Property Appraiser, Appraisal, Appraiser, Commercial Real Estate Appraiser, Fast
    Appraiser, Real Estate Consultants, Real Estate Appraisers, Apartment Appraiser, Land Appraiser, Real Estate Inspectors, Real Estate Broker,
    Expert Witness-Real Estate, ASTM E2018, Insurance Inspector, FEMA Inspector, MAI, Appraisal Institute, General Appraiser, Full Service Real
    Estate Consultant, loan calculator, Real Estate Services, Appraisal Services, Approved Appraisers, Link Partners, HUD Appraiser, Rehab
    Consultant, Remodel Consultant
The Harris Company, Real Estate Appraisers/Consultants
Appraiser
appraisal

Real Estate
Appraiser,
Commercial
Real Estate
Appraiser,
Residential
Appraiser,
Apartment
Appraiser,
Commercial
Appraisal,

California
Appraiser,
PMI
Removal
Appraiser,
Free
Appraisal.  
Certified
General
Appraiser
Tax
Appraiser
We Make a Simple
Pledge to

Communicate, in a timely
Fashion, each appraisal,
analysis, and opinion
without
bias or partiality

Abstain from behavior
that
is deleterious to our
clients,
the appraisal profession,
and the public

Hold paramount the
confidential nature of the
appraiser/consultant -
client relationship

and

Comply with the
requirements
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